Bortnikov Alexander Vasilyevich, Russian FSB Director
Chaika Yuri Yakovlevich, General Prosecutor
Fradkov Mikhail Efimovich, Foreign Intelligence Service Director
Fursenko Andrei Alexandrovich, Minister of Education and Science
Ivanov Victor Petrovich, head of Federal Drug Control Service
Ivanov Sergei Borisovich, Deputy Chairman of RF Government
Khristenko Victor Borisovich, Minister of Industry and Trade and Golikova Tatyana, Minister of Health and Social Development
Kudrin Alexei Leonidovich, ex-Minister of Finance
Levitin Igor Yevgenievich, Minister of Transport and Communication
Murov Evgeny Alexeyevich, Federal Protective Service director
Mutko Vitaly Leontievich, Minister of Sports, Tourism and Youth Policy
Nabiullina Elvira Sahipzadovna, Minister of Economic Development
Patrushev Nikolai Platonovich, Security Council Secretary
Serdyukov Anatoly Eduardovich, Defense Minister
Shoigu Sergei Kuzhugetovich, Minister of Civil Defense, Emergency Situations and Disaster Relief
Shuvalov Igor Ivanovich, Government’s First Deputy Chairman
Skrynnik Elena Borisovna, Minister of Agriculture
Stepashin Sergei Vladimirovich, Accounts Chamber Chairman
Trutnev Yuri Petrovich, Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology
Zhukov Alexander Dmitrievich, Deputy RF Prime Minister
Zubkov Victor Alekseyevich, First Deputy RF Prime Minister
«Russia's Power Families - 2011» / Levitin Igor Yevgenievich, Minister of Transport and Communication
at: Russian Federation Government
held: RF Minister of Transport and Communication since
to being appointed RF Minister of Transport and Communication, Levitin worked
in private businesses. In 1996–2004, he headed the railroad department and was
deputy general director of SeverStalTrans (N-Trans), where he assisted in buying
shares of Taganrog and Tuapse commercial seaports.
with daughter Yulia Igorevna Levitina, he founded StalTechInvest LLC in 2000. After
her father became government official, Yulia Levitina (married name Zvereva) was
listed as one of StalTechInvest’s owners. In 2003, StalTechInvest earned around
10 Mln. Rub.; in 2004 (after its founder Igor Levitin was appointed Minister of
Transport), the company’s income grew by 250% to 25 Mln. Rub.
2004, StalTechInvest LLC has been owned by AscotFinance LLC and PromSbytInvest LLC,
both registered at the same address as StalTechInvest: 44A Dubinskaya St., Moscow.
PromSbytInvest owner is Olga Borisova (Yulia Zvereva’s partner in Milicon
Service LLC). Yulia Zvereva’s share in Milicon Service went to AscotFinance LLC
(co-founded by PromSbytService and Milicon Service director Vyacheslav
to SPARK-Interfax, Igor Levitin’s family (through StalTechInvest LLC), together
with PromSbytInvest LLC and entrepreneur Rezchikov, owned DorMachInvest CJSC,
specializing in road construction and transport vehicle part manufacturing. Vyacheslav
Rezchikov chairs the DorMachInvest Holding Company board.
Igor Levitin as Transport Minister, DorMachInvest CJSC’s annual income (according
to SPARK-Interfax) surpassed 1 Bln. Rub., not including similar incomes of companies
affiliated with DorMachInvest.
company friendly with the Levitin family was a recipient of Transport Ministry
funds. In 2009, MostGeoCenter Financial and Construction Company LLC signed a 245
Mln. Rub. government contract to rebuild the slopes of Canal No. 285.
MostGeoCenter was previously owned by DorMachInvest CJSC; DorMachInvest’s share
then went to GeoMostProject LLC NGO, which owned Ritm (Rhythm) CJSC, where Vyacheslav
Rezchikov was general director. As part of the Canal No. 285 project, the “Moscow
Canal” federal entity subordinate to the Transport Ministry was set up. In 2008,
MostGeoCenter contract income was over 6 Bln. Rub.
Group has railroad laundry business interests, supplying linen to Russian train
passengers. DorMashInvest owned PassazhirService
(Passenger Service) LLC and Passazhir Service CJSC, with joint 2008 income over
20 Mln. Rub. Passazhir Service was co-founded by N-Trans private transportation
holding company (formerly SeverStalTrans CJSC), where Igor Levitin was one of
the managers when he was officially a businessman.
on business: N Trans LLC’s ownership
structure is hidden; its nominal owner is the Transportation Investment Holding
Ltd. Cypriot offshore, which makes it impossible to find documentary support
for the media allegation that Minister Igor Levitin still holds shares of his
previous employer N Trans LLC. By law, ultimate owners can only be disclosed through
official police inquiry.
According to official N Trans statements, its
decision makers are also part owners (one of the owners since 2010 is Vladimir
Putin’s judo partner Arkady Rotenberg) of another Cypriot offshore, Marc O’Polo
Investments Ltd., which, according to SPARK-Interfax, is the majority shareholder
of MostoTrest OJSC, which, in turn, holds over 50% of InzhTransStroi Corporation
LLC and over 50% of TransStroiMechanizatzia OJSC. Junior N-Trans partners in
these two companies are family members of Efim Basin, considered to be Igor
Levitin’s closest confidant for decades.
The joint beneficiary (who, through this offshore system,
holds shares of N-Trust, MostoTrest, InzhTransStroi and TransStroiMechanizatzia)
manages significant financial resources. In recent years, MostoTrest, InzhTransStroi
and TransStroiMechanizatzia received government funds in amounts comparable to Forbes’ top-rated businessmen’s fortunes.
According to SPARK-Interfax, in 2005-2010,
MostoTrest OJSC was to receive around 80 Bln. Rub. (over $2.5 Bln.) from the
government for just the largest transportation contracts alone. This sum is allocated
among government construction budget line items such as: Olympic Games facility
in Sochi-Adler region; Don and M-27 Djubga-Sochi freeway; St. Petersburg Beltway,
federal highways M-6 Caspy, M-7 Volga, M-9 Baltia, and M-10 Russia.
According to incomplete information, the overall
value of Transport Ministry entities’ contracts with InzhtransStroi is close to
$3.5 Bln. Aside from Ust-Luga port construction project, InzhtransStroi is also
involved in Sochi port construction and is the primary builder of federal roads,
viaducts and bridges, including highways leading to the Olympic Center in
Sochi. InzhtransStroi’s government contracts include: St. Petersburg Beltway;
Amur highway; M-1 Belorussia, M-4 Don, M-5 Ural, M-9 Baltia and M-10 Russia
highways; airports in Nizhni Novgorod, Ufa, Adler; the Moscow aviation hub; and
the East Siberia – Pacific Ocean pipeline system rigging.
Around $500 Mln. in federal funds is allocated to TransStroiMechanizatzia
OJSC, which was involved in rebuilding Sochi-Adler airport, Ufa airport and M-5
Ural highway. The jobs were contracted by federal entities supervised by the Transport
Ministry, such as Federal Air Transportation Agency (RosAviation) and AvtoMagistral.
The numbers cited above do not include large contracts
signed with affiliated companies. In order to get an estimate, one can consider
the history of St. Petersburg’s DorStroiProekt LLC. The above-noted Cypriot
beneficiary bought 100% of DorStroiProekt through TransStroiMechanizatzia OJSC.
In 2007-2008, DorStroiProekt signed contracts with Transport Ministry entities;
its 2008 income was over 2.15 Bln. Rub. In 2009, DorStroiProekt declared
bankruptcy and was placed in receivership.
N-Trans Holding Company owners also hold 50% of
Northwestern Concession Company LLC, which is building the Moscow–St.
Petersburg highway through Khimki forest. Previously, European Bank of
Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) was going to invest in the project, but financing
was instead provided by the consortium of Russia’s two largest state-owned banks:
VneshEconomBank (VEB) and SberBank. EBRD withdrew due to a number of factors,
including ongoing public protests, political corruption scandals and criticism
by environmental organizations.
According to Transparency International, Transport
Minister Igor Levitin may have had personal interests in this highway’s
construction and the felling of Khimki forest. The contract with Northwestern Concession
Company LLC was signed by Transport Ministry subordinate Federal Road Agency (Rosavtodor).
The justification for the project was the June 2006 Leningrad Highway gridlock.
According to the RF General Prosecutor’s Office inquiry into the gridlock, the
traffic standstill was caused by irregularities in Moscow government and
Environmental protest organizers in Khimki believe that
“the gridlock was orchestrated on purpose, most likely deep in the Transport Ministry,
since the Ministry is very interested in obtaining European road construction
funds.” In 2011, Khimki forest protection movement leader Evgenia Chirikova organized
pickets in front of the Transport Ministry and publicly accused Igor Levitin of
having “obvious corrupt interests.” Shorty thereafter, Chirikova’s office was
searched by the police, and documents were seized. Activist Chirikova believes Minister
Levitin ordered the search.
During the felling of Khimki forest, contracted private
security personnel battered local protesters, including Khimkinskaya Pravda (Khimki Truth) newspaper editor-in-chief Mikhail
Beketov; Grazhdanskoe Soglasye (Civil
Accord) newspaper journalist Vitaly Kuzmin; environmentalist Konstantin Fetisov
and others opposed to Igor Levitin’s project.
Wife: Natalia Igorevna Levitina, homemaker.
According to the media, she oversees the operations of Pan-Press Printing House
LLC (part of DorMachInvest). Igor Levitin’s 2010 income was 22.66 Mln. Rub., while
his wife’s was 0.76 Mln. Rub. Together, the Levitins own two land lots (0.23 ha.
and 0.17 ha.), a 544 m2 house, a 118 m2 condominium, and
Mercedes-Benz S350 and Mercedes-Benz B200 automobiles. The condominium and the cars
are registered in Igor and Natalia Levitin’s names, and they are each 1/3 share
owners of the house and the land lots (the other 1/3 may belong to [their
daughter] Yulia Zvereva).
Daughter: Yulia Igorevna Zvereva (nee Levitina) is associate
professor at M.A. Sholokhov Moscow State Humanities University’s Sociology and Political
Science Department. Her Ph.D. thesis was entitled: “Rule of Law and Civil Society
According to Russian Liberals.” Zvereva was involved in business, having set up
Milicon Service and StalTechInvest transportation companies. According to media
outlets critical of the Levitin family, “the Transport Minister daughter’s associates
played a role similar to Elena Baturina’s economic role in former Moscow Mayor Yuri
Luzhkov’s business activities.” In her 2010 interview to Vedomosti newspaper, Yulia Zvereva said she has sold her assets.
Basin (co-owner of InzhTransStroi corporation and TransMechanizatzia Holding Company;
former Deputy USSR Construction Minister) is one of Igor Levitin’s oldest
personal friends. According to Levitin, he and Basin bonded during Baikal–Amur Mainline
(BAM) construction when Levitin served at Urgal station as military traffic
Basin’s partner in InzhtransStroi LLC is his son Oleg Basin. The father and son
are partners of the unknown beneficiary of the Cypriot offshores that own TransStroiMechanizatzia
OJSC and other companies receiving federal funds (through the Transport
Ministry) to build and revamp highways, maritime terminals, landing strips and
Basin founded CDC-D LLC owned by the Cypriot offshore Ficifolia Investments Ltd.
In 2007-2010, CDC-D received over 4 Bln. Rub. from a Transport Ministry federal
subordinate called “Moscow-St. Petersburg Freeway Management” to build M-10
Russia and M-9 Baltia highways. Current owner of Ficifolia Investments Ltd. is
to Efim Basin’s official biography, while RF Construction Minister in 1995–1996,
he “took part in reviving the Chechen Republic’s economy.” It was known
beforehand that overseeing large [money] transfers made under the program would
be impossible, as facilities (that were allegedly being rebuilt) were destroyed
in the first Chechen war, and after that separatist Ichkeria was not under RF
Novaya Gazeta newspaper recalls
this experience in the context of the Basins’ business activities in Sochi. In
December 2009, a storm washed away the Mzymta river-area cargo port
infrastructure built for the 2014 Olympics, and InzhTransStroi Corporation LLC
got the contract to rebuild the decimated port.
Levitin played a significant role in the tug-of-war over Gulf of Finland-area
port assets, including St. Petersburg.
Levitin’s 2004 appointment as RF Transport and Communications Minister
coincided with Ilya Traber’s associates’ final withdrawal from St. Petersburg
Seaport OJSC management. According to the media, Igor Levitin met Traber in the
late 1990s while working at SeverStalTrans where he oversaw business projects involving
the St. Petersburg port.
to the Monaco police, Ilya Traber is “connected to the Tambov organized crime
group” (documents can be found on Novaya
Gazeta website). The Russian media mentions Traber in connection with antiques
smuggling, drug trafficking, property conflicts in the oil industry, and a number
of contract killings in St. Petersburg and Vyborg. Such news items are
frequently unconfirmed, as [Traber’s] criminal case file materials often
part of these crimes is linked to redistribution of St. Petersburg Seaport OJSC.
According to testimony by former State Duma member Vyacheslav Shevchenko (shot
to death in 2003), when Shevchenko tried to look into the St. Petersburg
Seaport management reorganization, “two gangsters sent by Traber came to see me
and threatened that if I show up at the port just one more time, they will chop
my head off with an axe” (Shevchenko’s testimony was published by Novaya Gazeta).
1997 and 2004, several businessmen and managers involved in port-related conflicts
were killed, including: Mikhail Manevich (head of St. Petersburg City Property
Management Committee who tried to annul the privatization of the St. Petersburg’s
port by Ilya Traber’s companies); Nikolai Shatilo (Head of PromStroiBank security
division); Vitold Kaidanovich (Head of Northwest Customs Terminal); Mikhail
Sinelnikov (St. Petersburg seaport captain), and Sinelnikov’s security
assistant Sergei Boyev.
entrepreneur Traber and his partners managed to establish control over the
formerly state-owned property, and became owners of St. Petersburg Seaport OJSC
through Nasdor Incorporated, a Liechtenstein offshore. The Port was later sold
and is currently owned by Vladimir Lisin.
no longer owning the maritime terminals, Nasdor Incorporated set up Portovy Flot (Port Fleet) CJSC and, for
a token $204,000, bought the bulk of the Port’s tugboat fleet. This, despite competitors
(through Baltiisky Flot (Baltic Fleet) OJSC) officially offering $2 Mln. to
merely rent (not buy) the state-owned tugboats. The Transport Ministry did not
oppose the tugboat fleet acquisition by Ilya Traber’s company. On the contrary,
under Igor Levitin as Transport Minister, several individuals close to Traber
were appointed to top government positions.
example, Anatoly Savkin (former Portovy
Flot (Port Fleet) CJSC general director) became head of RosMorPort
government unitary enterprise’s St. Petersburg branch, while his son Evgeny
Savkin became head of Portovy Flot CJSC. Soon, Portovy Flot soon received a large
government contract from RosMorPort (headed by his father) to clean up Gulf of
Finland oil waste.
2007, Portovy Flot CJSC and other companies controlled by Ilya Traber’s team
bought Baltiisky Sudomechanichesky Zavod
(Baltic Marine Engineering Plant – BMEP), which has its own docking stations,
thus consolidating part of the St. Petersburg port capacity. BMEP founded NEB –
Tugboat Service LLC, which, together with Portovy
Flot, started offering tugboat services.
2005, Igor Rusu, former co-worker of Ilya Traber (St. Petersburg Seaport OJSC
general director in the 1990s), became head of Ust-Luga Company OJSC, which was
set up in order to implement the Transport Ministry’s Ust-Luga port
2008, Igor Rusu was transferred to an agency subordinate to Igor Levitin,
becoming deputy head of Federal Marine and River Transport Agency (RosRechMorFlot).
Tasked with supplying RosRechMorFlot with software systems and electronics was the
St. Petersburg Transzas CJSC (which, according to the media, was set up by individuals
criminally prosecuted for tax evasion under RF CC Art. 198). According to
SPARK-Interfax, between September and December 2010 alone, Transzas signed 19
contracts with RosTechMorFlot, totaling over 1.4 Bln. Rub.
Igor Rusu became head of the federal entity RosMorPort, tasked by the Transport
Ministry with managing federal property in Russian ports and allocating funds
for multi-billion [ruble] port construction projects, including the Ust-Luga
Israilit (an acquaintance of Igor Rusu, Igor Levitin and Ilya Traber) chairs
the Ust-Luga Company OJSC board of directors. Israilit has been criminally
prosecuted (and convicted) numerous times.
agency tasked Promyshlenno-Stroitel’noye
Tovarischestvo (Industrial and Construction Partnership) OJSC and Northern
Dredging Company LLC with dredging and construction projects in Valery Israilit’s
area of operations. Incomplete data indicate that, in 2008-2010, these companies
received over 10 Bln. Rub. in contracts through RosMorPort. According to
SPARK-Interfax, Northern Dredging Company is owned by Industrial and
Construction Partnership, whose majority shareholder is BPF, in turn owned by Ust-Luga
Company OJSC. Affiliated with Industrial and Construction Partnership is Vadim
Shlom (Valery Israilit’s business partner in a number of companies).
Ust-Luga project subcontractor is Baltiiskaya
Dnouglubitelnaya Kompania (Baltic Dredging Company) CJSC, which received
over 2 Bln. Rub. from RosMorPort. Baltic Dredging Company owner is unknown;
according to records, it was founded by the now-dissolved BaltGazComplectImpex.
Prior to 2010, Baltic Dredging Company CJSC was registered at: 5 “A” Gapsalkaya
St., St. Petersburg – same address as SpecMontazhStroi LLC, to which RosMorPort
undertook to wire over 100 Mln. Rub. SpecMontazhStroi is owned by the Cypriot
offshore Technics Maritime Investments LLC, whose ultimate beneficiary’s
identity is concealed.
difficult to identify is the owner of Ust-Luga Company OJSC which controls the government-funded
Ust-Luga project through a Liechtenstein offshore called Investport Holding
Establishment. There is reason to believe that one of the offshore’s beneficiaries
is Valery Israilit. Ust-Luga Company is currently several billion rubles in
debt, which will in one way or another likely be paid by the government.
2009, Victor Olersky (entrepreneur, co-owner of Volgo-Balt Transport Holding Limited)
was appointed Minister Igor Levitin’s deputy. Volgo-Balt Transport Holding
company includes Severo-Zapadnoye Rechnoe
Parokhodstvo (Northwest River Shipping) OJSC and Volzhskoye Parokhodstvo (Volga Shipping) company OJSC. According to
the media, Olersky bought these two companies with the help of his closest
partner Igor Izmestiev (Bashkortostan Republic’s representative to the Federation
Council). The power struggle over these companies was accompanied by killings carried
out by Kingisepp organized crime group members. In 2010, Izmestiev was
convicted and sentenced to life in prison for these murders, as well as for
five attempted murders (including the attempted murder of Ural Rakhimov, the
son of Bashkortostan President). In 2007-2010, 26 members of Kingisepp
organized crime group were convicted and sentenced to 4.5 – 23 years in prison.
Victor Olersky was not charged.
to SPARK-Interfax, entities subordinate to the Transport Ministry awarded
contracts to StroiETON CJSC; REP Masterovoi LLC; Stroi-Deco LLC and other
companies affiliated with Andrei Kuznetzov (founder of Moscow’s Caligula-M and
Crechet SB security companies). In 2007-2010, Kuznetzov’s companies signed 14
contracts with Transport Ministry entities totaling over 100 Mln. Rub. The
Transport Ministry continued working with these companies even after the Federal
Anti-Monopoly Service intervened.
companies were primarily awarded contracts through the Federal Transportation
Oversight Service (RosTransNadzor). RosTransNadzor also subcontracted to
private travel agencies the booking and ticketing for RosTransNadzor staff,
with a contracted total of 4.5 Mln. Rub. Notably, contracted travel agencies changed
as RosTransNadzor heads changed. In 2008-2009 (when Nikolai Lyamov headed
RosTransNadzor), the contracted travel agency was VIP Service. When Alexander
Kasyanov became acting RosTransNadzor head, the travel agent changed too – to Altair
Company Group LLC. In each case, these companies were the only ones bidding on the
government travel agent job, and [naturally] won the bid.
2009, RosTransNadzor signed several contracts under the government procurement
law, and Novaya Gazeta journalists
suspected corruption: One such contract was with Upscale Soft LLC for 19 Mln. Rub.
to “develop a fire safety supervision and oversight system.” UpScale Soft had
no documented previous experience in this area; it was later listed by the Federal
Anti-Monopoly Service as an unconscientious vendor, and Moscow Arbitration
Court imposed supervision of Upscale Soft.
example – in 2008-2009, Transportanaya Bezopasnost
i Logistika (Transportation Security and Logistics) LLC signed five
contracts with RosTransNadzor totaling over 12.5 Mln. Rub. Four of the
contracts involved projects with the vague description “scientific research and
experimental design.” The fifth contract provides for “developing special
software for managing and updating a consolidated list of transportation system
entities supervised by RosTransNadzor.” The media noted that this task is
perfectly suited for such programs as [Microsoft] Excel, the cost of which is
quite different from the contracted price.
2008, Igor Levitin replaced Victor Ivanov as chairman of the Aeroflot Russian
Airlines OJSC board. In 2010, Levitin’s advisor Andrei Kalmykov (owner of
Sunrise Travel Corporation), was appointed Aeroflot’s business manager. Kalmykov
is married to Oksana Kalmykova (daughter of Yuri Fadeyev; Yuri Fadeyev is on
the Nordavia board of directors and is one of Aeroflot’s top managers). After
Kalmykov’s appointment (proposed by the Transport Minister), Sunrise Tour Group
started regularly winning Aeroflot’s electronic bids for travel consolidators to
buy blocks of passenger seats. According to the media, Aeroflot representatives
openly manipulated bidding results. Legally speaking, as of the last few
months, Andrei Kalmykov is no longer involved with these companies. Sunrise
Asset Management LLC (which includes Sunrise Tour Group) is owned by Kalmykov’s
mother, Evgenia Kalmykova, while shares in Sunrise Audit Service and
SunExpressTravel are registered in Oksana Kalmykova’s name.