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Bortnikov Alexander Vasilyevich, Russian FSB Director

Chaika Yuri Yakovlevich, General Prosecutor

Fradkov Mikhail Efimovich, Foreign Intelligence Service Director

Fursenko Andrei Alexandrovich, Minister of Education and Science

Ivanov Victor Petrovich, head of Federal Drug Control Service

Ivanov Sergei Borisovich, Deputy Chairman of RF Government

Khristenko Victor Borisovich, Minister of Industry and Trade and Golikova Tatyana, Minister of Health and Social Development

Kudrin Alexei Leonidovich, ex-Minister of Finance

Levitin Igor Yevgenievich, Minister of Transport and Communication

Murov Evgeny Alexeyevich, Federal Protective Service director

Mutko Vitaly Leontievich, Minister of Sports, Tourism and Youth Policy

Nabiullina Elvira Sahipzadovna, Minister of Economic Development

Patrushev Nikolai Platonovich, Security Council Secretary

Serdyukov Anatoly Eduardovich, Defense Minister

Shoigu Sergei Kuzhugetovich, Minister of Civil Defense, Emergency Situations and Disaster Relief

Shuvalov Igor Ivanovich, Governments First Deputy Chairman

Skrynnik Elena Borisovna, Minister of Agriculture

Stepashin Sergei Vladimirovich, Accounts Chamber Chairman

Trutnev Yuri Petrovich, Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology

Zhukov Alexander Dmitrievich, Deputy RF Prime Minister

Zubkov Victor Alekseyevich, First Deputy RF Prime Minister

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Russia's Power Families - 2011 / Fursenko Andrei Alexandrovich, Minister of Education and Science

Employed at: RF Government


Positions held: 2001-2004 Deputy, First Deputy, then Acting RF Minister of Industry, Science and Technology. Starting in 2004 – RF Minister of Education and Science.



Business involvement:


In the 1990s, Fursenko was in the business community close to St. Petersburg Mayor Anatoly Sobchak’s team. Fursenko established a number of St. Petersburg-based companies: Stream Corporation CJSC; Scientific and Technical Equipment CJSC; PACT CJSC; and Bolshoi Dom 9 LLC.


In 1991-1993, Fursenko was vice president at the Emerging Technologies and Design Center. In 1994, he became head of SPb Investment Consulting Company CHC (established by Russia Bank and Cologne (Germany)-based Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft (DEG)). DEG (which subsequently bought shares of a number of Russian banks) is currently owned by the German government through KfW Reconstruction Bank in Frankfurt am Main.

In 1994-2001, Fursenko was general director at the St. Petersburg Regional Foundation for Scientific and Technological Development (RF STD SPb). RF STD SPb was established by Svetlana OJSC, Russia Bank, and the Federal Science and Technology Small Business Assistance Foundation. The Foundation was headed by former RF Science Minister Ivan Bortnik. Per SPARK-Interfax, RF STD SPb and Russia JSCB were shareholders of Innovative Management Center CJSC.

In 2000-01,   Fursenko was Northwest Strategic Development Center Foundation board secretary. The board was chaired by Yuri Kovalchuk (main shareholder of Russia Bank, which co-established the Foundation).

In 2000, Fursenko set up Venture Innovation Fund (VIF) non-profit, which was presented as “Russia’s First Fund of Funds.” According to the Unified State Registry of Companies, VIF NP was set up by Russia Bank, RF STD SPb and Ivan Bortnik’s Foundation referred to above. In St. Petersburg, VIF nonprofit is registered as the sole participant in the namesake VIF LLC for-profit entity.


In 2001, Fursenko and others (including current Svetlana-Rost CJSC general director Victor Chaly; Semiconductor Devices CJSC director Alexander Ter-Martirosyan; Svetlana-OptoElectronica CJSC director Grigory Itkinson and others) founded Scientific and Technological Equipment CJSC which specializes in developing and manufacturing high-tech ultra high-vacuum equipment for scientific research, experimental design and small-scale production of nano-technologies, nano-electronics, semiconductor micro- and optoelectronics.


Prior to becoming civil servant, Andrei Fursenko continued to be Russia Bank shareholder. In 2000-2003, he was on the Bank’s internal audit commission, and was then replaced by Yuri Kovalchuk’s son Boris Kovalchuk.



Business influence:

After Fursenko was appointed to a government post, Igor Gladkikh became the new head of St. Petersburg Regional Foundation for Scientific and Technological Development (RF STD SPb). Albina Nikkonen was listed as the Foundation’s director for external relations. Nikkonen also headed other companies set up under Fursenko, such as VIF NP, VIF LLC and Innovative Management Center CJSC. Nikkonen still heads the Russian Association of Direct and Venture Investment (RAVI), the ultimate beneficiaries of which are difficult to identify: Per SPARK-Interfax, this private St. Petersburg-based company is owned by US, Dutch, British, Finnish and German companies. RAVI operations are closely linked to RF STD SPb: Igor Gladkikh is the coordinating director of Russian Venture Fair, a RAVI project. Also, per SPARK-Interfax, Gladkikh is affiliated with a number of businesses.


A subsidiary of RAVI and Northwest Strategic Development Center is the International Management School, a non-profit partnership which, according to the School’s official website, occupies (since 2004) the building of the Innovation and Technological Center (ITC) on St. Petersburg’s Vasilyevsky Island (apparently the building of S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute registered at the same address – Birzhevaya Liniya 16. It is unknown on what terms the International Management School uses this real property). Tuition for a two-year modular MBA program is €23,000 per student.

Under Andrei Fursenko as head of Russian science and education, above-noted Foundations, companies and affiliates received significant federal funds.


For example, in 2005-10, Scientific and Technological Equipment (STE) CJSC received a total of 542.4 Mln. Rub. in government contracts, primarily from state educational facilities.


According to contract monitoring data, federal funds expended through the Federal Science and Technology Small Business Assistance Foundation grew from 161 Mln. Rub. in 2006 to 2 Bln. 817 Mln. Rub. in 2010. In 2004-2011, the Federal Science and Technology Small Business Assistance Foundation (which joined Anna Nikkonen’s RAVI) spent a total of 9,574,979,702.00 Rub. – over $340 Mln. Bortnik’s Foundation was tasked with distributing a significant part of Russia’s scientific innovation budget to pursue the following objectives: “Create an environment favorable to entrepreneurial activity, <…> national innovation system, <…> involve youth in innovation.” Today, Ivan Bortnik still heads the Foundation’s supervisory council, while also being executive director of the Russian Innovative Regions Association, whose executive council is chaired by Sergei Naryshkin (head of RF President’s executive office).

The Federal Science and Technology Small Business Assistance Foundation was used to finance, in particular, Semiconductor Devices CJSC (established by Victor Myachin,  head of Abros Investment Company); Stream Corporation CJSC (former shareholders are Andrei and Sergei Fursenko); and Andrei Fursenko’s partner Victor Chaly. According to government contract monitoring data, in 2005-07, Semiconductor Devices received 30,833,450.00 Rub. (around  $1.1 Mln.)

Svetlana-OptoElectronica CJSC became the largest recipient of scientific federal funds under the current RF Minister of Education and Science. Svetlana-OptoElectronica was initially headed by Andrei Fursenko’s former business partner Grigory Itkinson, then by Alexander Stolyarov, who is apparently Sergei Fursenko’s brother-in-law. Svetlana-OptoElectronica’s founders included Stream Corporation (established by the Fursenko brothers) and its subsidiaries Semiconductor Devices CJSC and IRSET-Center CJSC. In just 2007-10, Svetlana-OptoElectronica received a total of 203,650,601.00 Rub. (over $8 Mln.).

Svetlana OJSC (which established RF STD SPb and a dozen other companies that had “Svetlana” as part of company name) is also an active recipient of federal funds. In 2007-2010, Svetlana OJSC received a total of 742 Mln. Rub. (around $25.5 Mln.) in government contracts. Svetlana OJSC develops and manufactures microwave devices, X-ray tubes, semiconductor devices and other products. Svetlana OJSC’s main shareholders are the state-owned Russian Electronics Corporation and Georgy Stepanovich Khizha, an associate of the late St. Petersburg Mayor Sobchak. In 1992-1993, Khizha was RF Deputy Prime Minister.

Per SPARK-Interfax, in 2007-08, RF STD SPb (founded by Andrei Fursenko) received 45 Mln. Rub. (over $1.5 Mln.) in government funds through entities subordinate to Minister Fursenko in order to “monitor innovative projects of national significance.” In 2009, Innovative Management Center CJSC (affiliated with the Foundation) was awarded 2.5 Mln. Rub. to hold innovation forums. According to government contract monitoring data, Anna Nikkonen’s Russian Association of Venture Investment received 90.5 Mln. Rub. – over $3.2 Mln.

According to government contract monitoring data, in 2008, the Russian Union of Innovative Technology Centers (Russian UITC) (founded by RF STD SPb) received 13.095 Mln. Rub. (around $0.5 Mln.) to “monitor projects” for the Ministry of Education and Science, and (per contract from RusScience), to “provide  scientific and methodological support to the ‘Gate to Russian Business Innovation Networks’ conference, intended to link Russian and European innovation business support networks.”

UITC is the only participant in Intek INT LLC, which is listed as one of the founders of National Entrepreneurship Technological Support Agency non-profit partnership (InTech NP). InTech NP set up another non-profit, the National Commonwealth of Business Angels, which received Ministry of Education and Science funding for several of its programs, including: “business angels’ reunions;” “training series for Russian business angels and innovation company managers in India’s Silicon Valley in 2008 (in the city of Bangalore);” conference entitled “Seed financing as essential element of Russia’s innovative development;” and several “business angel” national conferences in Moscow.

In the registry of companies, InTech NP is listed as co-founder of the Center for Scientific, Technical and Innovative Cooperation between Russia and APEC (TechnoRATES ANP) autonomous non-profit organization, which also received government contracts – for example, in order to hold the First Pacific Innovation Forum in Vladivostok. Andrei Fursenko and Albina Nikkonen were both mentioned in connection with TechnoRATES’ Far East activities.

Most of the entities noted above received federal funds either directly from the Ministry of Education and Science or through the Federal Science and Innovations Agency (RusScience), also subordinate to Minister Fursenko. Sergei Mazurenko (who headed RusScience when these payments were made) has been appointed deputy Minister of Education and Science.

In 2006, Andrei Fursenko lobbied to transform the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) into a “Scientists’ Club” that would have no property management rights (property assessed at 68.3 Bln. Rub. (around $2.44 Bln.)). The reform did not go through due to RAS pushback.




Father Alexander Alexandrovich Fursenko (died 2008) was a scientist and member of RAS specializing in US history. In 2000, he was elected chairman of the trustees’ council of the Northwest Strategic Development Center Foundation where he worked with his son Andrei Fursenko and Yuri Kovalchuk. The Foundation was set up by Russia Bank; Moscow Strategic Development Center (headed by German Gref); and Baltika Beer Brewing Company OJSC (whose president is Teimuraz Bolloyev. In 2002, Alexander Fursenko and former St. Petersburg State University (SPSU) rector Ludmila Verbitzkaya set up the School Encyclopedia Foundation. In 2003, Alexander Fursenko became one of the founders of Media-Socium non-profit partnership, which was used to take control over the TVS television channel from Boris Berezovsky. Alexander Fursenko died in 2008.


First wife Tatiana Abramovna Fursenko, born in 1947, left St. Petersburg and emigrated to the US (according to Versiya newspaper No. 14 for 2004).


Son Alexander Andreyevich Fursenko. In 1995, when Alexander Fursenko was in the 11th grade of St. Petersburg School No. 52, his composition on Fursenko family genealogy was published in the Russian Genealogical Society’s Bulletin. According to some sources, after graduating from the St. Petersburg A.F. Ioffe Institute of Physics and Technology, Alexander Fursenko has been working for various St. Petersburg companies. According to other sources, he emigrated to the US with his mother.

Second wife Nadezhda Alexandrovna Smirnova’s income (per her tax return) in 2010 was 1.19 Mln. Rub.; she owns a 177.4 m2 apartment and Volvo S 80 and Rover 75 automobiles. Andrei Fursenko’s 2010 income was 6.61 Mln. Rub. The Minister of Education and Science owns a 0.15 ha. land lot, a 156 m2 residential home and a 143 m2 apartment.

Brother Sergei Alexandrovich Fursenko is a businessman who founded the following entities: Tennis Athletic Federation (a St. Petersburg regional non-profit); Bangla Russia-Bangladesh Trading Company CJSC; Karelskie Dali LLC (dissolved in 2007); PACT CJSC; TEMP-Service CJSC; and the St. Petersburg Training and Methodology Center CJSC. Sergei and Andrei Fursenko owned Roschinsky Dom OJSC (registered in St. Petersburg Region, Vyborg District), which specializes in wood residential construction.


From 1989 to 1991, Sergei Fursenko was executive director of a Soviet-Austrian company called TechnoExan involved in commercializing A.F. Ioffe Institute of Physics and Technology’s work. TechnoExan CJSC is currently listed as owned by this Institute and the scientist Zhores Alferov. In 1997-1998, Fursenko was deputy general director of LenEnergo OJSC; in 2003 he was deputy director of Gazprom OJSC’s department of transport, subterranean storage and gas use. In 2003-2008, Sergei Fursenko was general director of Gazprom OJSC-owned LenTransGas LLC, having replaced Sergei Serdyukov (who was forced to resign after a conflict with the Financial Monitoring Committee (FMC)). Formally, the dispute that led to Serdyukov’s departure was over taxes. FMC was headed by the Fursenkos’ close acquaintance Victor Zubkov, who, in 1990, found a land lot on the Karelian Isthmus where the Fursenko family could build a country home. LenTransGas was renamed and is now called Gazprom Transgas St. Petersburg LLC.


In 1992, Russia Bank set up Prostranstvo CHC, headed by Igor Shadkhan (film director who made documentaries about Vladimir Putin). Shadkhan is the father of Eva Vasilevskaya, who currently heads Russian President Dmitry Medvedev’s executive office. Prior to 2002, Sergei Fursenko was director, general producer and co-owner of Shkola Producers Center Television Association CJSC, whose other shareholder was (according to records) Igor Shadkhan’s Studio television association (TOM), where Sergei Fursenko was general director. Fursenko secured Gazprom funding for these organizations’ projects and also personally produced a Gazprom-funded documentary series called “Shipwreck Secrets.”


Since 2006, Sergei Fursenko has been administering Russian soccer, initially as Zenit Soccer Club manager, then as Russian Soccer Union manager.


In 2008-10, he was listed as head of National Media Group CJSC – a holding company that controls Izvestia newspaper, Ren-TV and Channel 5, and holds shares of Channel One. The Group is co-owned by Russia Bank companies (Yuri Kovalchuk and partners); Severgroup (Alexei Mordashov); and Surgutneftegaz (Surgut Oil and Gas) (Vladimir Bogdanov and partners).


Sergei Fursenko, together with Yuri Kovalchuk, Victor Khmarin, Teimuraz Bolloyev and others, set up the Russian League of Honorary Consular Officials non-profit partnership where Boris Kovalchuk was executive director from 1999 to 2006. The Honorary Consuls League brought together St. Petersburg businessmen who were honorary consuls in St. Petersburg and Russia’s Northwest region. In particular, Kovalchuk Sr. was the honorary consul for Thailand; Andrei Fursenko – for the Philippines; Sergei Fursenko – for Bangladesh; Teimuraz Bolloyev – for Brazil; and Victor Khmarin – for the Seychelles.


Per SPARK-Interfax, today, Sergei Fursenko, Yuri Kovalchuk and Tatiana Alexandrovna Kovalchuk are still participants in Bolshoi Dom 9 LLC, where Andrei Fursenko was listed as co-founder.



Sister-in-law Elena Alexeyevna Fursenko is an accountant, married to the Education and Science Minister’s brother. She previously worked as accountant at Belye Nochi (White Nights) CJSC and the Regional Government Contractor Directorate for Transport and Technological Port Complex Construction. According to Delovoi Peterburg (Business St. Petersburg) newspaper, in 1996, the Directorate planned to receive $8 Mln. in federal funds in order to update the Gulf of Finland marine navigation system. Elena Fursenko was then listed as accountant at Bangla Russia-Bangladesh Trading Company CJSC, which is headed by Elena Fursenko’s daughter Anna Akhunzyanova (Fursenko). Bangla’s sole shareholder as of 2010 is her father, Sergei Fursenko. Elena Fursenko was also accountant at another family business – the St. Petersburg Training and Methodology Center CJSC owned by Sergei Fursenko (30%) and Alexander Stolyarov (70%). The Center is currently listed as owned by Sergei Lvovich Nalbadanov, formerly affiliated with LenTransGas entities.

Elena Fursenko had also been employed as accountant by Olga Vladimirovna Gutina and Olga Ivanovna Pankova at their Olga advertising agency. The agency was then renamed and continued operations as Elevator Group. In 2006, Pankova and Gutova set up Peterburgsky Egoist (St. Petersburg Egotist) LLC and published the St. Petersburg Egotist Directory – a PR project that advocated “powerful egotism,” promised to reinstate the right “attitude to property” and put in place a “successful modern person’s lifestyle.” According to its authors, the Directory was sponsored by “well-established companies owned by the St. Petersburg elite.”

Older niece Maria Sergeyevna Stolyarova (Fursenko), homemaker; apparently married to Alexander Georgievich Stolyarov (former director of the St. Petersburg Regional Development Foundation which, through a number of intermediary companies, was owned by the Fursenko brothers and other Russia Bank shareholders). Stolyarov was a partner of Maria Fursenko’s parents at the St. Petersburg Training and Methodology Center CJSC. Like Sergei Fursenko, Stolyarov had worked for LenEnergo, then headed the St. Petersburg Electrical Sales Company. In 2005, LenEnergo joined Territorial Generating Company No. 1 OJSC (TGC-1), where Gazprom was shareholder. Alexander Stolyarov was on TGC-1’s board and was listed as sales director until 2010. In 2010, his employment contract was terminated. Per SPARK-Interfax, Stolyarov currently manages Svetlana-OptoElectronica CJSC, which receives numerous government contracts from entities subordinate to Andrei Fursenko’s Ministry.


Younger niece Anna Sergeyevna Akhunzyanova (Fursenko), born in 1977, is a businesswoman. According to Russia Bank reports, she heads (initially under her maiden name, then under her current name) the Bank’s ABR Trust CJSC subsidiary. Previously, she was listed as head of Bangla Russia-Bangladesh Trading Company CJSC. She is married to Tatarstan native Emil Khalimovich Akhunzyanov. In 2005, Sergei Fursenko’s grandson Renat Akhunzyanov was born. When the Minister’s son became head of National Media Group (NMG), his brother-in-law was hired by Izvestiya newspaper, an NMG division. In 2008, Emil Akhunzyanov was listed as affiliated with Izvestiya Newspaper Editorial Offices OJSC. While Sergei Fursenko was involved in soccer, his brother-in-law used his personal e-mail address to register the website, where “NFPM” stands for “Nash Futbol Pervyi v Mire” (Our Soccer is No. 1 in the World). Currently,  Emil Akhunzyanov coordinates such projects as Soccer as Business and Soccer Academy. The domain name is owned by Symmetry LLC, closely linked to Fursenko family business employees.



Closest partners


In Soviet times, Yuri Kovalchuk and Andrei Fursenko were involved in science at the A.F. Ioffe Institute of Physics and Technology (IPT), where the foreign department in 1982-1985 was staffed by state security services employee Vladimir Yakunin, who oversaw Kovalchuk and Fursenko.


In 1991, Yakunin, the future president of Russian Railroads OJSC, returned to Leningrad [currently St. Petersburg – transl.] from the US, where, under diplomatic cover, he worked for USSR KGB’s First Main Administration. He later became involved in private enterprise.  During the same period, Fursenko and Kovalchuk, who were listed as deputies for IPT director Zhores Alferov, suggested a group of for-profit companies be established at the Institute. When Alferov refused, they set up the formally non-profit Emerging Technologies and Design Center, which later became a shareholding company by the same name, where Kovalchuk became president and Fursenko became vice president. After Fursenko was appointed Minister of Education and Science, Zhores Alferov lost his position.



Emerging Technologies and Design Center CJSC was co-founded by Stream Corporation CHC, which was set up in 1992 by the following individuals: the brothers Sergei and Andrei Fursenko; their partner Victor Chaly; Yuri Kovalchuk; Vladimir Yakunin; Victor Myachin; former Russia Bank board of directors member Vladimir Kolovayev; and Natalia Stepanovna Murygina. Prior to 1992, the company was known as Quark NPP; it has now been renamed to Korporatzia (Corporation) CJSC, solely held by Anna Kondratyeva  (according to the Unified State Registry of Companies).


According to the Italian newspaper LaRepubblica, in 1992, St. Petersburg residents Vladimir Smirnov and Vladimir Kumarin, through Stream Corporation, “took part in shipping non-ferrous metals abroad <…> in exchange for taking on the obligation to import food to St. Petersburg in order to help with food shortages.”


Vladimir Kumarin (Barsukov), who has a long criminal history, heads the Tambov organized crime group. In the 1990s and 2000s, Kumarin was a colleague of Victor Khmarin’s at the St. Petersburg Fuel Company. Vladimir Smirnov (St. Petersburg Fuel Company director) heads the Ozero (Lake) country home cooperative that was set up by Andrei and Sergei Fursenko, Vladimir Yakunin, Yuri Kovalchuk, Victor Myachin and other owners of country homes near Komsomolskoye Lake.


The corruption scandal regarding the licensing and setup of metals export in exchange for food was investigated by a special commission of the St. Petersburg city council of People’s Deputies. According to materials gathered by Yuri Felshtinsky and Vladimir Pribylovsky (who used the commission’s archives), “Stream Corporation sold metals to obscure intermediaries at dumping prices and bought food at high prices. This clearly indicated a kickback arrangement whereby the intermediary received the difference between the understated [metals] sales price and the inflated [food] purchase price.” One source said that in the import-export transactions intended to feed St. Petersburg, “prices for rare earth metals were understated 7-, 10-, and 20-fold; for scandium it was 2000-fold.” At the time of this publication, we were unable to find any reference to this information being refuted.


Stream Corporation established the following subsidiaries: St. Petersburg Regional Development Foundation; Technical Development Agency CHC (co-founded by Jinas Management Corp., a UK-based company); TEMP-Service CJSC (where Sergei Fursenko was shareholder); and International Consular Agency CHC.


Bikar Joint Venture is a subsidiary of Quark NPP and Belestra AG (a Swiss company based in Zurich). From 1992 to 1997, Bikar’s general director was Vladimir Yakunin, and later it was Sergei Fursenko. Bikar is listed as active in trade, technology leasing, real estate, communications, and expert services. Bikar CHC (1.67%) and a Finnish company called Nurai Financial Inc. (98.33%) founded Bikfin CHC, whose beneficiaries include Sergei Fursenko, Mikhail Markov and Vladimir Yakunin.


In 1992, Quark NPP, Bikfin CHC and other companies owned by the Fursenko brothers, Yuri Kovalchuk, Mikhail Markov, Vladimir Yakunin and Victor Myachin, became shareholders of Russia Bank. Their partner in the Bank was mob boss Gennady Vasilievich Petrov (arrested by Spanish police in 2008 as head of the Tambov-Malyshev crime group (“Comunidad Criminal Tambovskaya-Malyshevskaya”)). Petrov is Vladimir Kumarin’s neighbor; earlier Petrov was one of the actual shareholders of St. Petersburg Fuel Company. Petrov used to be partners with Sergei Kuzmin, whom Petrov met in a Soviet prison where both were serving criminal sentences. The company was represented by Russia [Bank]’s board of directors member Andrei Shumkov. Shumkov, employed at Ergen company and Fuel Investment Company (where Kuzmin and Petrov held shares), controlled 14.2% of the Bank’s shares. Kuzmin and Petrov also personally held a 2.2% share each. Overall, companies affiliated with Gennady Petrov held 18.6% of the Bank.


Fursenko and Petrov families are business partners. Per SPARK-Interfax, Sergei Fursenko is general director of Kamenny Ostrov (Rock Island) residential property owners association (owned by Baltic Construction Company CJSC whose shareholders, according to records, are Yuri Kovalchuk, Igor Naivalt, Victor Myachin, Valery Rogach, Vyacheslav Sonin, Russia Bank and Finance and Management LLC). Per SPARK-Interfax, Finance and Management LLC was owned by Gennady Petrov’s son Anton Petrov and his father’s closest partners Arkady Buravoi and Oleg Noskov. Per SPARK-Interfax, the Fursenko brothers and Buravoi were colleagues in managing Roschinsky Dom OJSC.


In 2006, Sergei Fursenko was appointed president of Zenit soccer club. In 2007, while Spanish police were investigating Petrov, one of Fursenko’s telephone conversations with a subordinate was recorded. The subordinate was Leonid Khristoforov who had a long criminal history (in St. Petersburg, Khristoforov was named in a criminal case involving RF State Duma member Galina Starovoitova’s murder). The telephone conversation involved a bribe allegedly organized by Petrov’s outfit in order to buy Zenit soccer club victories at the UEFA Cup semifinals and finals.


At the same time, entrepreneur Mikhail Myshalov became head of Zenit Trade CJSC (Zenit soccer club merchandising); Zenit Discount Systems CJSC (discount card sales for goods and services); and Lottery 2006 CJSC (casinos, slot machines, and lotteries). These companies were owned by the soccer club namesake – Zenit Soccer Club autonomous non-profit organization, owned by the Foundation for the Development of Sport and Support of Sports Fans (established by Myshalov).


The entrepreneur Myshalov started his business involvement as director of Nevsky Product LLC (owned by the above-mentioned Petrov and Kuzmin-owned Ergen LLC and TIK LLC). Per SPARK-Interfax, today Mikhail Myshalov is general director of Nevskaya Investment Company LLC. Per company registry archives, Nevskaya Investment Company’s main participant used to be Nevsky Style LLC (owned by the same two companies held by Petrov and Kuzmin).


Myshalov is director of several dozen mostly foodservice companies, such as the Wasabi, Wasabiko and Rosario restaurant chains. Per SPARK-Interfax, Sergei Kuzmin personally held a share of Wasabi LLC, and Fininvest CJSC controlled another share. Fininvest’s beneficiaries were hidden using the only formal shareholder – Kinbow Trading Ltd. (British Virgin Islands). According to Novaya Gazeta, this offshore was controlled by Gennady Petrov, while Fininvest CJSC’s director was  Petrov’s representative Andrei Shumkov.


Zenit soccer club’s commercial director under Fursenko was the entrepreneur Sergei Belkov. According to the March 23, 1992 statement by the St. Petersburg Regional Administration for Organized Crime (published in the media), in January and February 1992, Belkov and a friend “extorted 15,000 Rubles from Mr. S.V. Potashenko.”


After Zenit soccer club won the UEFA Cup, Sergei Fursenko was appointed chairman of the Russian Soccer Union (RSU) in 2010, and Mikhail Myshalov became his marketing advisor. Currently, Myshalov is involved in Russian soccer overall business development.


Boris Onikul is currently listed as Russian Soccer Union’s commercial director. According to published RF Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) information, Onikul was arrested in St. Petersburg on November 13, 1997 by a police operative group, and, allegedly, Onikul and his accomplices “were exposed for extorting $10,000 starting in October 1997 under false pretenses and with threat of violence,” and taking the victim to a wooded area “where they assaulted him with a metal rod, causing contusions and hematomas on various parts of the body.” In 1998, this criminal case was investigated under RF CC Art. 163 part 3 (repeated extortion by group per prior conspiracy). The media did not report the investigation’s outcome.


Per SPARK-Interfax, Onikul is affiliated with Plaza Beta LLC; Kama Sutra LLC; Intergrow Technologies CJSC; Kofex LLC; MostSoyuz LLC; Alpha Riviera LLC; Beta Riviera LLC; Pollars Gallery LLC; Pollars Riverside LLC; Pollars Delta LLC; Startcom CJSC; Nord-West Service LLC; and other companies.


Karine Gulazizova (Onikul’s and Myshalov’s colleague; member of RSU security and fan relations committee) is considered especially close to Sergei Fursenko. Gulazizova is a Moscow psychiatrist and minority shareholder of St. Petersburg-based Symmetry LLC, where Aida Gadzhievna Aliyeva is director. Per SPARK-Interfax, she also heads Bangla Russian Bangladesh Trading Company CJSC (owned by Russian Soccer Union president). Also listed as former head of Bangla is Anna Akhunzyanova (Sergei Fursenko’s younger daughter, whose husband Emil Akhunzyanov edits the website called “Our Soccer is No. 1 in the World”). Symmetry LLC is registered as owning the domain name.